Investing in student accommodation is an increasingly common
vehicle through which to potentially earn good returns from property. As a
means to spend a windfall or create a nice pension pot, a plan to buy student
accommodation is a popular one, while many parents also invest in a property to
see their own children through university life, meanwhile making some decent
money at the same time.
Like any property investment there are risks associated with
buy-to-let student accommodation, and as with most property purchases, location
and timing are key. However, the basic model is more or less the same wherever
in the UK you choose to invest. You have the cost to buy the property and the
costs to run and maintain it, but this should still be outweighed by the rental
income you accrue on a monthly basis, if you manage things correctly.
Return on investments such as this are more rewarding over a
15-20 year period, during which you can ride out the peaks and troughs of the
market, so there is more of a risk and less return if you invest for only a
three year period, for example whilst your child is at university.
So when considering why you should buy student accommodation,
consider these potential issues:
Cautionary factors of
investing in student accommodation
- Property investment generally is a risk, particularly if the market performs abnormally, such as during the 2007 financial crash. Rents may have to be reduced accordingly, which can squeeze your finances. This in turn gives you little leeway if you have no tenants or face some unexpected maintenance costs, so manage your investment and finances with this in mind.
- Insurance premiums can be higher for student accommodation. Students aren’t particularly house proud, as a rule, and while it is a myth that every day will be a 24-hour party, there is increased likelihood of damage and more wear and tear than normal. Also, student accommodation will be unoccupied for extended periods, so this security risk is reflected in increased insurance costs.
- Many landlords charge rent for the full academic year, but you may feel a moral duty to only charge for term time, particularly for the period you are letting to your child and their friends. If this is the case you need to factor in the period of reduced income.
- Your costs may also include appointing a management company to run the property, collect rent, find tenants and deal with repairs etc. Otherwise you will have to do all this yourself.
- Students can be unreliable in terms of paying rent, so ask for a guarantor – almost always a parent – as credit checks and references are unlikely to be available for a student.
These issues considered, there are still overwhelming
positives to investing in student accommodation, and managed carefully this is
an investment project that can bring significant rewards.
The benefits of
investing in student accommodation
- If you pick the right area at the right time, ie. when there are good capital growth prospects, then a short term investment can be viable financially.
- Even if you find there is no great capital appreciation because of market conditions, you should get a decent return on your investment purely from rental income. Gross yields from student accommodation can be around 10-15% in some areas of the UK, according to financial advice website www.moneywise.co.uk, particularly if you are letting multiple rooms in a house.
- In the right area you should find there is constant and repetitive demand for tenants that is reliable, resilient and with a future proof market.
- While you have responsibilities as a landlord to provide a safe and healthy home, students are not as demanding as, for example, a young professional couple. Students will generally accept non-premium fittings and general signs of wear and tear when viewing a property.
- Don’t forget you are renting the property per room, so you can convert a dining room or even a living room which the tenants won’t necessarily need, and create an extra bedroom.
buying student accommodation
There is no point buying a beautifully-furnished, contemporary
house in a leafy suburb and letting it to students, you need to understand the
market and the location. Is there a likelihood of the university building
bespoke accommodation on or near the campus which could affect your demand?
Also, is the university successful? Will there always be demand in that
You also need to understand the tax implications of rental
income and your duties and responsibilities as a landlord. For tax advice you
should consult a professional. It is recommended that you become approved by
the student accommodation office, which will help you in the task of finding
In general, you need thorough calculations and trusted
advice on the likely behaviour of the property market when considering whether
you should buy student accommodation. Include all potential costs and be
realistic with expected income. Factor in periods of no income and whether
investment is needed for a new kitchen, boiler or roof. And ideally, you should
plan for as long a commitment as you can afford, otherwise you are increasingly
relying on luck in order to see worthwhile returns.